P. (Figure 8; Table 2), resulting in per rough estimate of the maximum vertical mutande rate of

Mediante this case, the rift margin is marked by the occurrence of many faults with limited vertical displacements mediante the order of a few tens of meters, giving rise esatto a smoother topography with respect puro what was observed mediante the northernmost transect

4 mm/yr for this structure. The occurrence of ignimbrites along the fault plane favored the formation of kinematic indicators, whose inversion resulted durante a roughly ESE-WNW direction of extension (Figure 7a). Similarly, sites 10 and 11 are characterized by magnificent exposures of fault zones; at site 10, radiometric dating of faulted debris resulted per ages of 12,411 ± 100 and 13,902 ± 100 years B.

60 m. Again, inversion of kinematic indicators on the fault resulted durante per roughly Di nuovo-W onesto ESE-WNW direction of extension (Figure 8). Overall, analysis of fault mutande momento collected on faults along this transect shows verso strong coherence of datazione (sites 8, 9, 10, 11, and 13) sopra terms of esaurimento orientation, with the only exception of site 12 located at the northern termination of a small horst (Figures 3 and 6; supporting information).

The central transect (cross section B mediante Figure 6) is located durante correspondence preciso the volcanic centers of Damota and Hobitcha. The faults are always very steep and dip puro the Qualora, whereas con the more axial portions of the rift, they spettacolo per consistent northwestern dip (Figure 6). The faults affect the Pleistocene volcano-sedimentary successions (Qvs), as well as the widespread Quaternary basalts (Qb2), whose emplacement is strongly linked onesto the fault activity (see below; Figures 2, 5, and 6). Where they affect the volcano-sedimentary successions, fault planes are always well exposed (anche.g., site 17, Figure 9) and are associated with faulted material whose C14 dating at sites 3, 17, and 18 whatsyourprice gave ages of 15,938 ± 150, 17,486 ± 90, and 10,887 ± 70 years B.P., respectively (Figures 3 and 6; supporting information; Table 2). Con this case, the rough estimates of the maximum vertical mutande rate are of

100 m). The structural analysis of faults results in per direction of extension ranging from NW-Qualora to E-W, mainly depending on local fault orientation (Figure 6; supporting information; Table 1); worthy of note, the E-W orientation of extension direction mainly occurs along the rift axis (Figure 3, sites 7, 19, 20, and 21).

Con fact, faults per the basalts rapidly degrade, splitting along individual columnar basalts and leading esatto near-vertical scarps that rarely preserve the fault mutande plane [Casey et al

The southernmost cross section (C con Figure 6) crosses the rift valley north of Lake Abaya (Figure 3). As mediante the central transect, the transition between the rift shoulder and the floor occurs through the occurrence of many minor faults with minor vertical throw dipping toward both the Se and the NW. The faults affect the Quaternary (Qb2) basalts that largely crop out mediante the southern part of the study distretto. Verso limited number of normal faults, giving rise puro local small grabens, characterize the axial portion of the rift north of Lake Abaya. Differently from faults affecting the Pleistocene volcano-sedimentary successions, the normal faults cutting the Quaternary basalt flows are not characterized by the presence of stop fault breccias and/or faulted debris along the fault plane, so that per niente samples for C14 dating have been collected along this transect. Durante prime, these structures do not typically display good exposition of fault planes, so that analysis of kinematic indicators on these structures is normally of a lower quality. , 2006 ]. However, although with local variation (ed.g., site 1 and 16) mainly coppia esatto local perturbations (anche.g., columnar jointing), a roughly WNW-ESE-trending direction of extension has been determined (Figures 2 and 6; Table 1).